The Rav4-EV is a full size ZEV (zero emission vehicle)
and is one of +/-3000 purpose built by Toyota to meet the CARB ZEV mandate of the late
1990's. These vehicles were built by Toyota in Japan on the same assembly line as the ICE
powered Rav4. The Rav4-EV was initially a lease only vehicle but was later allowed as a
lease/buy-out, and then a for-sale vehicle in 2002 & 2003. It is believed that approximately
328 privately held Rav4-EVs exist throughout the United States.
The original sticker price was US$42k in 2002 and standard equipment on the Rav4-EV
included: heating & air conditioning, power steering, power brakes and seating for 5
passengers plus luggage. The Rav4-EV uses 24 Panasonic NiMH (Nickel-Metal Hydride)
model EV-95 batteries. These units are 95AH (amp hour) rated with 10 cells per battery fitted
in the sub-floor traction pack. The Rav4-EV uses a Magne Charge SPI (small paddle
inductive) off-board charger originally developed by General Motors for the Impact & EV1
electric vehicle programs. The Magne Charge system is supplied by a 208-240 single phase
40 amp circuit and makes use of 27 amps at peak use.
The Rav4-EV has an AC 3 phase traction motor coupled to a differential and direct drive axles.
Forward and reverse directional movement is electronically controlled without the use of a
transmission and the Rav4-EV is a full sized highway capable vehicle with speeds governed to
78 mph. This vehicle also has two levels of electronic regeneration, an “EB” button (electronic
braking) on the shift column and a “B” (braking) position on the shift mechanism. The vehicle’s
electronic components were manufactured by TMC (Toyota Motor Corporation) and their
The Rav4-EV has a curb weight of 3,500 lbs. vs. its ICE brethren at 2,700 lbs. The Rav4-EV
also has electric powered heating & air conditioning configured from a heat pump design to
reduce energy consumption. There is also heated front driver and passenger seating.
A DC/DC converter provides supplemental 12v accessory power (13.7v nominal)and a
auxiliary 12v battery which is used to power the systems for start-up. Gauges include MPH,
SOC (state of charge), voltage and various other indicators. The collection's particular Rav4-EV
has an aftermarket Palm TX coupled with Rav4-INFO software which displays additional
information in digital detail including a wide range of electronic information. The original
equipment tires came in two LRR (low rolling resistance) varieties, a 1) Yokohama and a 2)
Bridgestone brand both inflated to 50psi nominal.
The best source for Rav4-EV information + questions and answers is at:
|BEV designed by Toyota - total production = +/- 3,000
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