2002 Toyota OEM EV
" Rav4-EV "
---> Electric Vehicle <---
The Rav4-EV is a full size ZEV (zero emission vehicle)
and is one of +/-3000 purpose built by Toyota to meet the CARB
ZEV mandate of the late 1990's. These vehicles were
built by Toyota in Japan on the same assembly line
as the ICE powered Rav4. The Rav4-EV was initially a
lease only vehicle but was later allowed as a lease/buy-out,
and then a for-sale vehicle in 2002 & 2003.
It is believed that 328 privately held Rav4-EVs exist throughout
the United States today (c2023).
The original sticker price was US$42k in 2002 and standard
equipment on the Rav4-EV included: heating & air conditioning,
power steering, power brakes and seating for 5
passengers plus luggage. The Rav4-EV uses 24 Panasonic
NiMH (Nickel-Metal Hydride) model EV-95 batteries. These units
are 95AH (amp hour) rated with 10 cells per battery fitted
in the sub-floor traction pack. The Rav4-EV uses a Magne Charge
SPI (small paddle inductive) off-board charger originally
developed by Hughes Power Systems (and later General Motors)
for the Impact, EV1, and S10E electric vehicle programs.
The Magne Charge system is supplied by a 208-240 single
phase 40 amp circuit and makes use of 27 amps at peak use.
The Rav4-EV has an AC 3 phase traction motor coupled to a
differential and direct drive axles. Forward and reverse
directional movement is electronically controlled
without the use of a transmission or gear reduction drive and
the Rav4-EV is a full sized highway capable vehicle
with speeds governed to 78 mph. This vehicle also has two
levels of electronic regeneration, an “EB” button
(electronic braking) on the shift column and a “B” (braking)
position on the shift mechanism. The vehicle’s electronic
components were manufactured by TMC (Toyota Motor
Corporation) and their subsidiaries.
The Rav4-EV has a curb weight of 3,500 lbs. vs. its ICE
brethren at 2,700 lbs. The Rav4-EV also has electric powered
heating & air conditioning configured from a heat pump
design to reduce energy consumption. There is also heated
front driver and passenger seating.
A DC/DC converter provides supplemental 12v accessory
power (13.7v nominal) and an auxiliary 12v battery which is used
to power the systems for start-up. Gauges include MPH, SOC
(state of charge), voltage and various other indicators.
The collection's Rav4-EV has an aftermarket Palm TX coupled
with Rav4-INFO software which displays additional information
in digital detail including a wide range of electronic
information. The original equipment tires came in two LRR
(low rolling resistance) varieties, a 1) Yokohama and a 2) Bridgestone
brand both inflated to 50psi nominal.
---> Additional pictures below <---